Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Energy and the Environment

What is Energy? It is a wellspring of moving our lives. It's a fundamental segment of our way of life, it moves our organizations, powers our homes, make technological innovations happen and a great deal more. Energy beyond question is a standout amongst the most critical part of life and economy. The fact that energy has gained an essential spot in today's reality is because of its need and usefulness.
Individuals need better personal satisfaction, they work for it, they look for it, For this reason they even migrate from their native lands to much developed places, one thing which we fail to realize is the fact that in order to satisfy our temporary wishes we harm the environment in the long run, to relate we shall be more focused on improving our own backyard rather than being ignorant. The misuse of these fossil energy sources produces huge amounts of carbon dioxide contamination, which advertently contribute to the global warming phenomenon, that is now being given attention because of the adverse effects it is bringing with it, whether it be submerging of the Maldives islands, Excessive floods in Pakistan, or California’s wild fires. 
The methods by which dominant part of the energy today is achieved is extremely hazardous as the majority of it is obtained by exploiting fossil fuels. This consumption of ignitable land stores of natural materials and the abuse of it has brought on contamination accordingly and has adversely contributed towards the World's surroundings. World utilization is expanding by 2.3% every year as indicated by Energy Information Administration, since utilization is expanding so is an expansion in the misuse of these fossil assets, which is contrarily affecting the earth and the environment around us, hence ultimately reducing the quality of life, additionally to remember that fossil fuels are thought to be non-renewable assets since they take significantly additional time as contrasted and the sum with which they are drained. The concerned authorities are presently bringing their voices up in the support of depending on alternative forms of energy which are more sustainable and renewable. New voices for adopting alternative energy are indeed a source of renewed attention, what we need to realize is to convince our lawmakers and business leaders to adopt and start supporting sustainable sources of energy, which will not only decrease their budgeting cost, reduce their subsidies yet will likewise contribute towards the betterment of the environment. According to the International Energy Agency, Europe spent $600 billion in 2012 just importing fossil fuels. Subsequently wind energy projects in Europe saved it $10.5 billion worth of fossil fuel costs.
The eventual fate of energy as I would see it, lies with the adaptability of sustainable energy. We should educate the masses about the effect and the part of sustainable energy in our lives and the amount of significance is in it there for us and for the future eras. How this energy will utilize from Earth’s natural resources in an effective way without harming the environment. The investment in wind power, solar power and bioenergy is fruitful like anything. In separating the fossil fuels it requires a considerable measure of exertion, parcel of assets, part of energy and yes a great deal of cash. As the procedure to achieve something turns out to be more costly and requires a great deal of work and capital, the end buyer needs to pay the value, hence same is the case with fossil energy. Fossil fuel cartels which most prominently include the oil cartel OPEC, decides to shorten the supply for their benefits despite the high demand, financial aspects say the cost is going to soar, thus more non affordability for the masses, events like these have happened in the past. The point is that by educating the people to adopt these sustainable energy initiatives will only do the betterment for them. They won’t have to rely on some cartel based high prices. The method to obtain energy through these sources is also not very expensive, every part of the world have the resources required for clean energy, on a lighter note countries will not have to bear the struggle of importing sunlight.

I was perusing this report issued by the UN on environmental sustainability popularly known as “The Burtland Report”, in which I believe sustainability is defined most accurately which goes like this “development that meets the needs and aspirations of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. Even the UN secretary general Ban Ki Moon pointed out that renewable energy has the ability to lift the poor nations to new levels of prosperity. It is absolutely disastrous that in 2013 fossil energy got about $550 billion in subsidies when contrasted with $120 billion which were spent on renewable energy venture. I believe that Innovation is having exceptionally conspicuous impact with regards to energy in headways better for the earth, yet the worry is that the legislatures and the global institutions should consider this field worth their attention, if we can burn through billions in the research for making new weapons, why not spend this cash on investing so as to enhance the fate of this world in supportable energy ventures, which will benefit our mother nature.
The developed countries on one hand are paying attention to solve their problem using clean energy to fulfill their consumption demands which is a positive step, but on the other hand addressing this problem when it comes to developing countries is a major challenge, the question that arises is to educate the masses in the developing world to confront energy issues with increased adoption of sustainable energy, which is not only going to be beneficial for their economy, but will also contribute to the world in the form of reduced carbon emissions. The gathering of the world leaders at the worldwide stage in Paris at Cop21 gathering and framing an accord to decrease the carbon discharges is an accomplishment in itself.
 In a developing country like Pakistan positive steps have been taken to adopt clean energy in the framework, as the country has been adversely affected by the climate change. Pakistan's economy is quickly developing, the populace is significantly youthful, new commercial enterprises are being set up, which have bought new challenges for Pakistan in satisfying it's energy necessities at such fast rate. The fortunate thing about our legislature is that it is investing in sustainable energy so as to overcome these energy challenges. Pakistan in spite of the fact derives a major part of it's clean energy from the hydel sector, it is broadening the clean energy portfolio with new undertakings in the bioenergy, wind and sunlight based force ventures. Pakistan has as of late built up the world's biggest solar based energy park in Bahawalpur which bears the country’s founder name Jinnah, which will add up to 1000 MW to the national power grid. The administration's part is excellent in empowering the general population both in Urban and the country areas to embrace solar energy framework, the procedure is fairly constrained yet however productive. It is an incredible accomplishment to see less developed towns in Pakistan embracing this innovation. 
The US and China are partners and associates with Pakistan in setting up a spotless energy framework in the country. Pakistan came late in adopting wind energy, it has made great progress in this sector and is going to develop 22 wind ventures which are going to increase the electric capability from 250MW to 1520 MW. At the same time Pakistan is taking a shot at building up new hydel power plants with the cooperation from China, US and the Asian Development Bank. It is likewise concentrating on upgrading the old energy ventures. Pakistan is additionally rapidly working on wind projects to deliver wind energy. There are additionally illustrations from numerous other creating nations which have indicated striking results in the perfect energy part. 
Finishing on a short note, energy is a critical part in advancing our lives, a segment in making the world a more resourceful place, however the traditional methods of obtaining energy needs to be substituted with more sustainable processes which are not only beneficial but less expensive and can be within the reaches of the masses. We need to ensure that the strategies for acquiring energy does not trade off the world's spirit which I believe is the environment.

Shahnawaz Afzal Qureshi
LUMS Environmental Action Forum, Pakistan.

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